Confronting the Joro Spider in Tennessee: Fact or Fiction?

Joro spider in TN | Leos Pest Control

Picture this: You’re enjoying a peaceful moment in your garden when, out of nowhere, you notice an enormous spider, its web spanning the space between two trees. This creature is far from the ordinary spider you might find lurking in the corners of your garden; it’s massive, imposing, and unlike anything you’ve ever encountered. Could it be the Joro Spider, a topic of recent news as it expands its territory across the eastern United States, now including Bristol and Johnson City?

Let’s dive into the details of this captivating species and address any concerns you might have. Read more to learn if spider extermination is needed. 

What Does the Joro Spider Look Like?

The Joro Spider stands out not only for its size and the expansive webs it weaves but also for its striking appearance. Typically, a larger spider will be a female, thanks to the species’ sexual dimorphism, which means there are distinct differences in appearance between males and females.

Here’s how to tell male and female Joro spiders apart:


  • Size: Large, with a body length of about 0.75-1 inch and a leg span of up to 4 inches.
  • Color: Bright yellow and blue body with distinctive red markings.
  • Web: Builds large, intricate webs that can span up to 10 feet.


  • Size: Much smaller than females.
  • Color: Features more muted tones and less conspicuous coloration.
  • Web: Does not build webs as females do.

The webs produced by Joro Spiders are not only sizeable and golden but also exceptionally robust, effectively capturing a wide range of insects.

Where is the Joro Spider Found?

The Joro Spider’s adaptability to various environments has been increasingly observed. Initially believed to prefer large natural spaces, these spiders have shown a surprising tolerance for urban settings. Their proliferation near highways is particularly notable, given their reliance on web vibrations for hunting, a trait uncommon for spiders in such locales.

Their successful adaptation to both rural and urban settings suggests a potential for further expansion.

Is the Joro Spider Dangerous?

Despite their sizeable presence and somewhat intimidating appearance, Joro spiders are not considered a danger to humans. They might bite if provoked, but their fangs are relatively small, and they are generally inclined to avoid confrontation. The apprehension they generate is often greater than the actual threat, positioning them as more of an intrigue than a genuine concern.

Where Did the Joro Spider Come From?

Originating from East Asia, the Joro Spider is believed to have arrived in the U.S. unintentionally through shipping containers. This accidental introduction, starting near port areas, has led to their spread across the eastern United States.

The Future of the Joro Spider in Bristol and Johnson City

The arrival of the Joro Spider in Bristol and Johnson City might not be welcome news to everyone, particularly those with a fear of spiders. However, their ability to adapt and reproduce suggests that they are likely to become a permanent part of the local fauna.

Got Questions About Spiders?

While the initial discovery of a Joro Spider might spark fear due to its unfamiliar and imposing appearance, it’s vital to recognize their harmlessness towards humans. Their existence in Bristol and Johnson City reflects the dynamic nature of our ecosystems.

Should you have any worries or queries regarding the Joro Spider or other pests, don’t hesitate to reach out. We’re ready to provide guidance, information, or support for any pest-related concerns you might have.

Cicadas 2024: A Natural Spectacle Unfolds in Virginia

Cicada Swarms in TN | Leos Pest Control

This year, Leo’s Pest Control is thrilled to lead you through an incredible natural event that mesmerizes Virginia and its surrounding areas. We are about to experience a unique phenomenon in nature, where history connects with the present via the mesmerizing chorus of cicadas. Diving into the enigma and allure of these insects, we encourage you to see this occurrence not merely as a spectacle but as an educational journey about our ecosystem and its rhythmic miracles. Embark with us to decode the mysteries of cicadas, from their fascinating life stages to their effects on our environment, and discover ways to live alongside these remarkable creatures.

How Rare Is This Natural Phenomenon?

The year 2024 is set to witness an uncommon natural spectacle in Virginia and adjacent states: the concurrent emergence of two cicada broods, a phenomenon not observed for over two centuries and not anticipated to occur again until 2245. This spectacular display, beginning in mid-May and concluding in late June, showcases the synchronization of two extensive broods.

Cicada Basics

Living most of their existence beneath the surface, cicadas only emerge to reproduce and conclude their lifecycle. They are known for their 17 or 13-year life cycles, aligning in a unique event that enlivens the summer ambiance with their vibrant sounds.

Why Is This Important?

Though cicadas pose no direct threat to humans, their large numbers during this time can jeopardize young foliage. Gaining knowledge about their ecological impact is crucial for devising strategies to protect our plant life, sidestepping the need for heavy pest control actions.

Dealing With Cicadas

Major extermination efforts against cicadas are unnecessary. Leo’s Pest Control suggests protective preventative measures, such as employing netting for the protection of young trees, to mitigate potential damage during this natural phenomenon.

Be Aware of Potential Cicada Urine Propulsion

During the remarkable period of cicada appearances, one should note an intriguing aspect: the propulsion of cicada urine. Cicadas, despite their diminutive stature, have the astonishing capability to eject liquids forcefully through diminutive apertures. Unlike other insects that feed on xylem and release urine in mere drops, cicadas can shoot it out at velocities of up to three meters per second, surpassing the expulsion speeds of some larger creatures. This distinct behavior stems from cicadas consuming vast amounts of xylem, which renders the expulsion of urine in drops energetically inefficient. Therefore, if you find yourself unexpectedly wet on a clear day amid cicada season, it’s likely due to a cicada’s rapid urine ejection from the trees overhead.

Looking Ahead

The cicada emergence this year goes beyond mere fascination; it serves as a reflection on the intricacies and cycles of nature. It presents a chance to watch and learn from an event that spans several generations, offering insights into the ecological world we inhabit.

Join Leo’s Pest Control in welcoming this incredible natural occurrence, acknowledging the cicada emergence as a testament to nature’s wonder, and anticipating the legacies that future generations will inherit. 

Thank You for Voting Us the Best in Pest Control!

We are grateful to our amazing community for choosing Leo’s Pest Control as the best in pest control for the Herald Courier Readers’ Choice Awards! This achievement wouldn’t have been possible without your votes and encouragement. Your trust and support in our services mean the world to us. 

A Special Thanks to Our Team

Our success is a result of our team’s collective effort and determination. Each member of our team takes pride in what they do and strives to serve our community with the highest level of professionalism. Thank you to every person who works hard to provide these great services – we owe our achievements to your unparalleled dedication.

Looking Forward to Another Year of Excellence

Once again, thank you for voting us as the best in pest control! We are honored to have your support and will continue to be your trusted partner in creating pest-free* environments for our local homes and businesses.

The Spring Swarms of Termite Season

close up of termites eating through wood

Spring is a beautiful time of the year, but it also brings some unwanted visitors to your home: swarming termites. Termites are wood-destroying insects that can cause severe damage to your property and compromise its structural integrity. Thus, it is crucial to understand what kind of termites swarm, why they swarm, and how to stop and control them.

Why Do Termites Swarm?

Termites swarm to reproduce and establish new colonies. Swarming is a natural phenomenon that occurs when a mature termite colony reaches a certain size and finds favorable environmental conditions. Swarming typically occurs in spring, but some termites in other regions may do it in summer or fall.

Winged termites emerge from their nests in large numbers and fly in search of mates and suitable locations to start new colonies. Light and moisture attract them, so they often swarm around windows, doors, lights, or vents. After finding a mate, they shed their wings and burrow into the soil or wood to lay eggs and form a new colony.

Which Termites Swarm?

Over 2,000 types of termites exist worldwide, and the U.S. has at least 50 of them. The eastern subterranean termite is the most prevalent type of termite that can invade your Bristol, Tennessee, house. This termite lives underground and feeds on wood and cellulose materials. It can build extensive tunnels and galleries to reach its food sources above ground. It can also enter your home through cracks or gaps in the foundation, walls, or floors.

Eastern subterranean termites swarm in spring, usually between March and May. They swarm during the day, especially after a warm rain. They have black or dark brown bodies and translucent wings that are twice as long as their bodies. They are about 1/4 inch long and look like flying ants.

How to Prevent and Control Termites

Swarming termites may indicate the presence of an active termite infestation close to your property. You must take immediate action to stop additional damage and protect your property. Here are tips to prevent and control termites:

  • Look for signs of termite activity, such as discarded wings, mud tubes, wood damage, or live or dead termites.
  • Eliminate any sources of moisture or wood contact around your home. 
  • Fix any leaks or drainage problems in your plumbing system. 
  • Keep gutters and downspouts clean and free of debris. Avoid stacking firewood or mulch near your foundation or siding.
  • Seal any openings or cracks in your foundation, walls, or floors. Use caulk, mesh, or steel wool to block potential termite entry points.
  • Inspect your home for any signs of termite activity or damage. Pay close attention to locations like porches, crawl spaces, attics, and basements susceptible to moisture or wood touch.

Call a Professional Exterminator

It is best to hire a professional if you suspect a termite infestation or want to prevent one. A professional exterminator can inspect your home thoroughly and identify the type and extent of the infestation. They can then apply the most appropriate treatment methods based on your situation and preferences.

Call Leo’s Pest Control Today

Termites are a significant threat to your peace of mind and your home. Do not let them ruin your spring season. If you need help with termite prevention or elimination in your home in Bristol, TN, contact us today. We offer free estimates and guaranteed results for all our pest control services.

Time to Bite Back: Mosquito Prevention Made Easy

An adult sprayed bug spray onto a child's arm.

Residents of Bristol TN can all agree the city and surrounding area has so much to offer; rolling hills with lush forests, beautiful caves, and flowing rivers. Unfortunately, having all that water means an easy breeding ground for mosquitoes

Most of us have been bitten by a mosquito at some point in our lives and will probably be bitten again. However, when it comes to your home and yard, there’s are measures you can take to make sure your small slice of paradise is safer.

The Do’s of Mosquito Prevention:

Preventing mosquitoes from taking up residence in your yard is top of the list for many homeowners. Use these proven mosquito prevention measures below:

  • Remove Standing Water: Mosquitoes need standing water to breed. As the temperatures rise, stagnant water provides them the perfect place to breed. Utilizing proper soil drainage and emptying containers that hold water in your yard will keep them from getting settled in.
  • Use Screens and Netting: Having your porch, windows, and doors netted and screened off will keep mosquitoes and even other pests from getting to you. If mosquitoes can’t reach you, they can’t bite you!
  • Set Out Traps: Mosquito traps are a good source of hands-off mosquito extermination. These traps use a combination of heat from a UV lamp and carbon dioxide emission to draw these pests in. Often taking the shape of an unobtrusive bucket or latern, mosquitoes are drawn in and stuck forever.

The Don’ts of Mosquito Prevention:

You may be tempted to go for some other cost effective D.I.Y mosquito prevention hacks. However, the following activities will do little to keep you from getting munched on in the near future:

  • Don’t Use Citronella Candles: Citronella candles do repel mosquitoes but only in a small radius. Furthermore, it’s not advised to use them inside of the house as citronella can also harm our lungs if the gasses are trapped in an enclosed space.
  • Don’t Use Bug Zappers: Mosquitoes largely hunt with an acute sense of smell, not by light. This means that while moths and other bugs are drawn to zappers, they’re poor at mosquito extermination. 
  • Don’t Use Essential Oils: While essential oils do a good job of making you smell nice, they’ll do little to hide you from mosquitoes. It’s best to use an EPA-approved insect repellent containing DEET or Piciardin instead. 

Mosquito Prevention Professionals

At the end of the day, the best thing to do is call the professionals at Leo’s Pest Control. We have over half a century of experience in pest control and prevention. Offering both residential and commercial pest control, we have you covered not only in your home but where you work. With PestFree365+ we offer protection from over 30 common household pests, including mosquitoes. With ongoing pest control, we make sure that you can live pest-free* all year long.

Contact our experts today for a free quote on our award-winning pest control today!

Pest Prevention through Spring Cleaning

A worker power washing a deck to control pests in yard.

Spring is almost here. With the weather warming up, the pests are waking up as well. Now is the time to look around your home and yard for ways you could ensure being as pest-free* as possible. Typical springtime pests in Bristol, Tennessee that would be unwelcome guests – Ants, roaches, rodents and termites. By having a thorough spring cleaning regime, homeowners can start prevent pests for the year the come.

Tips for Spring Cleaning for Pest Prevention

Clean and Inspect Kitchen

Anywhere there is food or water you are likely to attract various pests. They could hibernate in colder seasons under your sink or in your cabinets. Ants are common culprits as they are drawn to food debris.
Some preventative inspection can be done that includes:

  • Always store food in tightly sealed containers or refrigerators. Keep kitchen counters and floors clean of food debris.
  • Seal holes under or around cabinets, and walls that lead to the outside.
  • Check pipes for leaks.

Clean Pantry

Not only are ants and roaches drawn to where food is stored, but also known to this area are: Cigarette Beetle, Confused Flour Beetle, Indian Meal Moth and Sawtooth Grain Beetle. While they don’t pose a health risk, they will ruin your food. Did you stock up on flour, sugar or cake mixes for the holiday season? Check the expiration date and consider transferring dry goods to airtight, sealed containers of plastic, metal or glass. This can help keep pests at bay.

Dry goods can harbor insects from the grocery store, so always check packages for tears or holes before bringing them home.

Declutter Closets

Warmer weather means it’s time to swap out your winter clothes for lighter springtime wear. This is a great time to declutter. An overstuffed closet can be home to pests like spiders looking for a home. Decluttering is a perfect time to donate items no longer worn or clothes your children have outgrown. Once decluttered, vacuum all corners to get rid of any hiding pests.

Trim Shrubs and Cut Back Trees

Trim back trees and bushes, as they could be used as bridges to gain access to your house. Keep your lawn mowed and weeds down. Don’t let piles of yard trimmings or brush accumulate as this becomes a perfect place for pests to hide.

Declutter and Clean Attic

Mice are prone to take up residence in your attic, as they are looking for a nice warm, dry place to nest. The best way to prevent this is to seal any holes leading outside, remember mice can enter through a hole the size of a dime. Declutter by donating things you don’t use and storing items in tightly sealed plastic bins rather than cardboard boxes. This helps eliminate clutter and will keep your stored items pest-free*.

Examine Your Homes Exterior

Check for cracks or holes in your foundation or siding. How about your windows? Any opening leading into your home is an invitation for pests to enter. Ants are spring and summertime pests that typically invade your home through tiny cracks or holes around your doors or windows. Dark cluttered places are very attractive hiding places for spiders, ants, cockroaches and rodents. Minimizing any clutter discourages pests from taking up residence by taking away their hideouts. Remove anything collecting standing water. Buckets, pots and tires become breeding grounds for mosquitos.

Trash Cans

Make sure your trash can lids are tight fitting and using trash bags adds an extra layer of pest prevention and control. 

Remove Firewood Away from Your Home

Stacks of firewood can attract many insects, including termites. It acts as both shelter and a food supply. To keep pulp-eating pests out of your home’s woodwork, move your firewood away from any buildings.

Pest Control on Call

Eliminating anything that could attract insects or pests to your home is the most proactive thing you can do to prevent infestations. While you cannot prevent everything, the professionals at Leo’s Pest Control can provide the exterminating help you need. Call us today for a free quote.

The Dangers of the Kissing Bug

a closeup of a kissing bug on a plant outdoors

A kissing bug? The name sounds almost endearing. But once you learn more about them, they become far less appealing. Different people have different ideas of romance, but it’s safe to say that none of them include a blood-hungry parasite with a particular passion for biting your face. Kissing bugs are really just a cutesy name attached to a pest in the same category as ticks, mosquitos, and fleas – and just like any of its siblings, it can be a carrier of disease.

With kissing bugs comes the threat of Trypanosoma cruzi, a parasite that causes Chagas disease. It’s passed when kissing bugs defecate after feeding, and if it’s rubbed into any break in the skin you risk catching the illness. That’s why it’s so important to know what kissing bugs look like, how to keep them away, and who you can trust for extermination services.

Identifying Kissing Bugs

Kissing bugs are known for their elongated, oval-shaped bodies. They can be colored in shades of brown or black (occasionally with red, yellow, or tan markings on their abdomen), and are between ¾ to 1¼ inches. 

These parasitic pests have their origins in Mexico and Central and South America. In recent times, though, they’ve been spotted in several regions of the United States – including Bristol and Johnson City. Kissing bugs primarily live outdoors near their usual hosts, which may include many wild and domesticated animals as well as humans. But they have been known to come into homes through open doors and windows, where they may hide in pet bedding and other secluded areas.

Treating a Kissing Bug Bite 

How do you know if you have a kissing bug bite? They look similar to other bug bites, skin irritations or infections, often taking the form of 2-15 marks in one particular area. This could be anywhere on your body, but especially around your mouth or eyes. They might itch, but for certain people, you may only need an ice pack and an antihistamine. 

Chagas disease may be a health concern in warmer parts of the country. The early symptoms feel similar to a bad flu with fever, nausea and general fatigue. In severe cases, you may even experience swollen eyelids. If that happens, it’s vital you seek medical attention immediately.

Preventing Kissing Bugs

The good news is that kissing bugs don’t usually infest homes in Bristol and Johnson City. But since we’re close to so much farmland it’s something we should prepare for. You can do this in a similar way to how you’d exclude many other pests by sealing cracks and gaps in your home or putting screens in your windows. 

If you have animals, keep their cages away from your property, or wash their indoor bedding on a regular basis. And since kissing bugs are so drawn to light, consider turning off your outdoor lights overnight. If you do all this and still end up with an infestation, you can trust Leo's Pest Control to treat your property with skill and expertise.

Leo's Pest Control for Kissing Bug Extermination

At Leo's Pest Control, we’ve been providing residential and commercial pest control since 1967. We’ve dedicated ourselves to helping our friends and neighbors in Virginia and Tennessee live better and more pest-free* lives. Whether that’s through our year-round PestFree365+ program or TAP Pest Control Insulation, we have many ways to help. So if you’re a homeowner in Bristol and Johnson City, you don’t have to play host to kissing bugs or any other amorous pests. Contact us today to get your free quote and kick them out for good! 

TAP® Insulation: Frequently Asked Questions

a termite and cockroach, white background

If you’ve explored our websites and the services we offer for homes in and around the Bristol and Johnson City area, you’ve probably heard of TAP® Insulation. And maybe you have some questions – like, why would a pest control company install insulation? What can TAP do that other materials cannot? If you’re wondering this service is right for your home, keep reading for the answers to any questions you may have!

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What is TAP Insulation? 

TAP® stands for Thermal Acoustical Pest Control insulation. It’s a form of loose-fill cellulose that’s chemically treated to act as a pesticide.

Q. How Does TAP Insulation Kill Pests? 

The cellulose that makes up TAP insulation is treated with boric acid, a naturally occurring mineral that isn’t harmful to pets, children or adults unless ingested in large quantities. But when smaller insect pests come into contact with it, the powder gets into their system when they groom themselves and others. Insects are unable to pass the acid, and they eventually die of malnutrition or dehydration.

Q. What Pests can TAP Insulation Kill?

TAP can kill a variety of smaller insect pests. This includes Formosan termites and ants, to bugs as big as snails, roaches and beetles.

Q. Is TAP Environmentally Friendly? 

TAP Insulation is environmentally friendly in several aspects. The cellulose we use is made up of 80% recycled material. Not only that, but when you use TAP, you’re actively keeping other, alternative and less-biodegradable materials from winding up in landfills.

Q. How is TAP Insulation Installed? 

TAP is made from loose-fill cellulose that can easily be blown into attics, or into the wall voids of newly constructed properties. It also easily covers any existing insulation, allowing you added protection without added inconvenience.

Q. How Does TAP Rank as an Insulator?

Not only is TAP an effective pesticide with the potential to last indefinitely, but it also functions as a high-quality insulator for the home. It slows down the transfer of heat, which allows your home to stay cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter. And, while it doesn’t have the R-Rating of spray foam, it still ranks higher than fiberglass in terms of noise-canceling capabilities.

Leo’s Pest Control for TAP® Insulation

As a homeowner in Bristol and Johnson City, there’s no way to completely avoid the risk of pest infestations. What you can do, however, is to take every precaution available to you. And TAP Insulation, when installed correctly, is the best step you can take to keep infestations from ever getting the chance to form. There’s no effort on your part, all you need to do is schedule installation and enjoy a more pest-resistant home. Contact Leo’s Pest Control today to schedule an estimate! Or, if you want to know more, visit our TAP Insulation page.

How to Identify Termite Holes in Wood

Termite holes in Bristol TN - Leo's Pest Control

If you’ve ever discovered tiny round holes in wood and wondered what could’ve caused them, you may have encountered termite exit holes! When certain termite species swarm in the spring and summer, they leave their nests and, in doing so, tunnel through wood. The kick-out holes they leave behind are soon thereafter plugged by remaining termites, which is a characteristic that helps set apart termite holes from those left by other wood-destroying insects. While it’s hard to know for sure what type of insect left behind exit holes in wood without the help of an exterminator, there are a few ways you can learn how to identify termite holes.

Do Subterranean Termites Create Exit Holes?

No, only drywood termites leave behind termite holes. Although subterranean termites swarm just like other termites in the spring and summer, they leave their nests in a very different manner. True to their name, subterranean termites build nests underground and travel through mud tubes. These mud tubes also serve the purpose of being their exit from the nest. Seeing holes on a wooden structure, then, is typically indicative of drywood termite activity. This is because drywood termites typically infest wood above ground that is drier. In order to vacate the nest, they must bore through the wood.

Wood Holes from Wood-Destroying Insects

There are many types of wood-destroying insects that are capable of creating tiny, round holes in wood. Needless to say, this makes it difficult to know whether you’re dealing with termites of some other insect. The most common wood-destroying insects include carpenter bees, carpenter ants, powderpost beetles, and bark beetles, among others. All of these insects have unique behaviors and different wood preferences, making it difficult to know which wood-boring insect you’re dealing with. For this reason, it’s best to contact your local pest control experts for help identifying any suspected exit holes. We also have additional articles about termite damage in our termite learning center.

What Does a Termite Kick-Out Hole Look Like?

There are several unique characteristics of exit holes that help differentiate them from holes left by other insects. These include:

  • Termite kick-out holes are round and no bigger than ⅛ of an inch.
  • After the swarmer termites leave the nest, the termite nymphs within the nest will use a paste made out of frass to plug the holes.
  • It is rare to see uncovered termite holes, as the nymphs work quickly after the swarmers depart.
  • The kicked-out wood looks like tiny mustard seeds and can appear in a pile.

Identifying Termite Holes in Tennessee

It can be distressing to discover tiny, round holes in any wood structure within or outside your property. In order to identify or rule out termite activity, it’s crucial to enlist the help of a professional pest control expert. Contact the termite exterminators at Leo’s Pest Control today to learn how we can help!

What You Should Know About TAP® Insulation

Cellulose insulation in attic


As winter approaches and the weather cools down in the Bristol and Johnson City TN area, pests start looking for protection, warmth, and a reliable food source. All of these things are present in the typical home, which explains why insect infestations can increase later in the year. Does it really need to go that far, though? What if we told you there was a proactive step you could take to prevent infestations from starting in the first place? There is. TAP® Pest Control insulation is not only effective against the majority of common insect pests, but it’s also high-quality insulation that makes your home more comfortable and energy efficient. Keep reading to find out how!

What is TAP® Insulation?

Thermal Acoustical Pest Control Insulation is referred to as TAP®. It’s made of cellulose, mainly from recycled newspaper, which is blown into attics or wall cavities. It can be added to new or existing construction on top of the insulation that’s already there. The cellulose in TAP® Insulation has been treated with borate salts. Although the borate is not concentrated enough to harm humans, it is lethal to insects. Bugs get the borate on their skin and consume it when they groom themselves. They can’t eliminate it from their bodies, so it builds up and they ultimately die of hunger or thirst. Borate is effective at killing many common insect pests, including:

  • Ants
  • Beetles
  • Cockroaches
  • Silverfish
  • Termites

How TAP® Insulation Benefits You

The fact that TAP® Insulation doesn’t lose effectiveness over time if it’s applied properly is a key benefit. It continues to be an effective and reliable pesticide as long as the material is undamaged. In fact, it’s predicted that under ideal conditions, it can continue to work for up to 100 years!

TAP® not only works well as a pesticide but also as insulation. It increases the efficiency of your home and lessens the load on your HVAC system. This explains why it has earned Energy Star and UL labels and how it can help you save up to 30% on your yearly energy costs.

TAP® Insulation can help your home become (or remain) pest-free*, more energy-efficient, and quieter. Installed at a level of R-60, it can almost totally block outside noise. 

TAP® Insulation From Leo’s Pest Control

Since 1965, we’ve worked to keep homes in the Bristol and Johnson City area pest-free*. TAP® Insulation is just another way for us to help local residents fight pests while making their homes more energy efficient and comfortable. If your home is cold or drafty and has pests, our certified TAP® Insulation installers are ready to help. Don’t wait another winter. Contact us today for an estimate!